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Type 2 diabetes: Doctor explains impacts of the condition

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It is estimated that 537 million adults are now living with diabetes worldwide and that number is expected to rise to 783 million by 2045. Diabetes is characterised by unstable blood sugar levels, which threaten to overwhelm the body if steps are not taken to control them. Many of the symptoms associated with diabetes are a result of high blood sugar levels damaging the body.

It is vital to heed the warning signs so steps can be taken to lower high blood sugar levels and stave off further complications.

According to Pharmacy2U’s pharmacist Sumaiya Patel, there are six “top” symptoms of type 2 diabetes to spot.

The top symptom is “having to urinate a lot, especially at night time”, said Ms Patel.

Other common symptoms include:

  • Excessive thirst
  • Severe tiredness
  • Infections such as thrush
  • Slow healing for wounds
  • Weight loss.

How to respond

Many people have diabetes without realising. This is because symptoms do not necessarily make you feel unwell.

According to the NHS, you should see a GP if you have any of the symptoms of diabetes or you’re worried you may have a higher risk of getting diabetes.

“You’ll need a blood test, which you may have to go to your local health centre for if it cannot be done at your GP surgery,” explains the health body.

The earlier diabetes is diagnosed and treatment started, buy cheap aralen prices the better.

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What happens next

Following a formal diagnosis, steps must be taken to stabilise high blood sugar levels.

“Some people with type 2 diabetes are able to manage their condition with lifestyle changes alone, such as increasing their activity levels and following a healthy diet,” explained Ms Patel.

“If these changes do not help, there are many different medication options your GP can discuss with you, such as tablets or insulin.”

According to Ms Patel, people with type 1 diabetes will be prescribed insulin to replace the hormone that the body can’t produce.

“For all people with diabetes, it’s important to monitor blood sugar levels regularly.”

The pharmacist continued: “If blood sugar levels are regularly too high (hyperglycaemia), medication or insulin doses may need to be increased, and if they become too low (hypoglycaemia), which is more common in patients using insulin, this can be remedied by having sugary food or drink or taking a glucose tablet.

“Having blood sugar that’s too low can be dangerous, and your GP will tell you what to look out for and what to do.”

Type 1 and 2 – what’s the difference?

Type 1 occurs when your body cannot make any insulin, it usually affects children and young adults.

One in 10 people with diabetes are Type 1.

Type 2 occurs when your pancreas isn’t making enough insulin, or your body can no longer use the insulin it makes.

It is much more common than Type 1 and tends to develop gradually as people get older.

The common feature of both are unruly blood sugar levels.

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