Europe Rushes to Woo Team Biden in Hope of Major Trade Rebalance
France and Germany are leading efforts in Europe to make early contact with President-elect Joe Biden’s team, with the aim of accelerating talks to normalize trade relations between the U.S. and the European Union.
At the top of the agenda for Paris is resolving an aircraft dispute that has seen tariffs imposed on more than 10 billion-euros ($12 billion) of transatlantic goods, while Berlin is keen to revive free-trade talks, according to senior officials in both countries.
“We’re ready and in a position to hold talks immediately,” said Johann Wadephul, a foreign policy expert and deputy caucus leader in parliament for German Chancellor Angela Merkel’s Christian Democrats. French Finance Minister Bruno Le Maire, who had planned to speak with the president-elect’s team earlier this week, said, “I really hope that this new Biden administration will mean a new start in the relationship between Europe and the U.S.”
Additional EU trade priorities, which are shared by France and Germany, include removing tariffs the Trump administration put on European steel and aluminum exports; agreeing on new tax rules for digital companies that do business internationally; reaching a limited trade agreement on industrial products; and reforming the World Trade Organization.
The European overtures come after weeks of uncertainty over the U.S. transition that had many allies in a wait-and-see mode. Le Maire had been scheduled to speak with Biden’s team on Monday, but the meeting was postponed, according to a French official, who asked not to be identified because the plans are private. German officials expect to make contact in the coming days, Wadephul said.
Germany, which relies heavily on export markets and does $252 billion in bilateral trade with the U.S. each year, is particularly eager to deescalate tensions with the U.S., which has imposed tariffs on European exports in the name of shoring up American industries. President Donald Trump has threatened multiple times to hit the German auto sector with levies.
Indeed, pressure in Berlin has been mounting for the government to reach out to the incoming U.S. administration on free trade talks, particularly after China sealed another large-scale trade deal in the Asia-Pacific region.
“China is moving forward with an Asian free trade agreement, this is a wake-up call for Europe,” said Matthias Heider, the chief lawmaker in charge of economic affairs in Merkel’s ruling CDU party. “This should be a top priority for the chancellor.”
While many politicians in Europe expect Biden will make similar demands on them as Trump did in terms of stepping up security and defense efforts, the prospect of having more open ears in Washington is driving expectations.
“There is a lot of optimism on this side of the Atlantic,” Greek Foreign Minister Nikolaos Dendias said, adding that his government had hopes the incoming administration will have a more active presence in the eastern Mediterranean.
Further encouraging signs have come from Biden’s cabinet appointments, particularly that of Antony Blinken, “who knows Germany and Europe well,” according to Wadephul.
France is pushing for an overhaul of global tax rules to make multinational tech companies pay their fair share, but the talks at the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development have dragged on. In the meantime, the U.S. is threatening tariffs against countries — including France — that go ahead with taxes on the revenues of digital firms.
“I will have a discussion about the best way of reducing inequalities in our economic models and of course I will put on the table the question of trade and the question of digital taxation,” Le Maire said in an interview, referring to talks with the incoming administration. “Our goal remains to have an OECD agreement by the first months of 2021.”
— With assistance by Sotiris Nikas
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